Collaborative Agent Gameplay in the Pandemic Board Game

By September 17, 2020May 9th, 2023No Comments


“While artificial intelligence has been applied to control players’ decisions in board games for over half a century, little attention is given to games with no player competition. Pandemic is an exemplar collaborative board game where all players coordinate to overcome challenges posed by events occurring during the game’s progression. This paper proposes an artificial agent which controls all players’ actions and balances chances of winning versus risk of losing in this highly stochastic environment. The agent applies a Rolling Horizon Evolutionary Algorithm on an abstraction of the game-state that lowers the branching factor and simulates the game’s stochasticity. Results show that the proposed algorithm can find winning strategies more consistently in different games of varying difficulty. The impact of a number of state evaluation metrics is explored, balancing between optimistic strategies that favor winning and pessimistic strategies that guard against losing.”


Konstantinos Sfikas and Antonios Liapis: “Collaborative Agent Gameplay in the Pandemic Board Game” in Proceedings of the Foundations of Digital Games Conference, 2020.


    author = {Konstantinos Sfikas and Antonios Liapis}, 
    title = {Collaborative Agent Gameplay in the Pandemic Board Game}, 
    booktitle={Proceedings of the Foundations of Digital Games Conference},